Solutions & Cases

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  • Production of Ferro-Chrome IspatGuru

    Production of Ferro-Chrome. Ferro-chrome (Fe-Cr) is an alloy comprised of iron (Fe) and chromium (Cr) used primarily in the production of stainless steel. The ratio in which the two metals (Fe and Cr) are combined can vary, with the proportion of Cr ranging between 50 % and 70 %. The energy consumption is relatively high, and for HC Fe-Cr

  • energy consumption in ferro chrome production

    Production of Ferro-alloys in India (2011-2012 to 2016-2017),Consumption of Ferro-Chrome-Silicon in India (2010-2011 to 2012-2013),Energy Consumption Pattern for Indian s Evaluating the nationalization & privatization effect: a ,...

  • (PDF) Exergy and Its Efficiency Calculations in

    Ferrochrome production is a high energy intensive process consuming around 3000 to 3500 kWh/t of electrical energy. The amount of ferro chrome and they suggest how those processes and


    2015-5-22 · Production of ferro-chromium in the submerged-arc furnace is highly energy-intensive. Several process rates have been attempted to reduce the specific energy consumption in the production of this alloy. An exhaustive understanding of the thermo-chemical features of the production process can be used to reduce the specific

  • Chrome Ores on Ferrochrome Smelting

    2015-3-12 · its production accounts for about 34% of the total production in the world. With a sharp increase in electricity cost, all ferrochrome producers in South Africa are looking for any alternatives that can use less electricity. An investigation of the effect of various chrome ores on the electric energy consumption is one

  • Energy consumption, waste heat utilisation and pollution

    2012-9-7 · In the production of ferro alloys like High Carbon Ferro Manganese and High Carbon Ferro Chrome nearly 800 kg. to 1200 kg of slag is produced per ton of ferro alloy and are tapped at temperatures of 1450-1750°C. In the production of Low Carbon Ferro Chrome upto about 4.5 tons of slag is pro-duced for each ton of L C Ferro Chrome at about 1850°C.

  • Ferrochromium Smelting In Zimbabwe SAIMM

    2011-9-13 · Ferrosilicon Chrome, and Low Carbon Ferrochrome Ferrochrome Smelting in Zimbabwe ZIMASCO and Zimbabwe Alloys represent more than 90% of Zimbabwe‘s FeCr smelting capacity [490K tonnes of FeCr product approximately 6% of 2008 world production], Chromium is used principally as an alloying element in cast irons and steels. 3


    2012-2-7 · In the conventional production of stainless steels, chromium is generally introduced to the process in the form of Cr-Fe-C-Si alloys, principally as high-carbon ferrochrome or charge chrome. The level of carbon and silicon in the above alloys is important especially when refining is carried out by blowing oxygen in the melt.

  • Optimization of Process Parameter for Smelting and

    2019-7-1 · Due to high energy consumption and continuous depletion of quality raw materials (chromite ore, coke) for production of Ferro-chrome imposed the new challenges for the Ferro-chrome industries to deal with [2]. Therefore, an attempt have been made in the present investigation to optimize the process

  • Effect of South Africa Chrome Ores on Ferrochrome

    2015-3-4 · • Electric energy consumption • Recovery rate of Cr, Fe . Fig. 2 Ferroalloy simulation used to calculate charge and electricity consumption of ferrochrome production in . a submerged arc furnace . Lumpy chrome ores from six different locations of the Bushveld Igneous Complex are used. Quartzite is added as flux, and coke is used as reductant.

  • Energy Consumption and Conservation Measures in

    Ferroalloys production is an energy-intensive industrial sector. In this paper, the current situation in ferroalloys processes is discussed from the standpoint of energy consumption and energy conservation issues, trends and development. Progress and data of ferroalloys production are frequently compared with steel industry which is a closely related sector and the main user of ferroalloys.

  • Effect of South Africa Reductants on Ferrochrome

    2013-1-1 · Ash Composition on Energy Consumption The ahs composition of the selected reductants includes 5-15% SiO2, 3-7% Al2O3 with less than 2% of CaO, MgO and FeO. It seems that the energy consumption of ferrochrome production rises with an increases of ash contents of

  • RESEARCH: Key takeaways from the latest Ferro-alloys

    Chinese crude steel production is rising each month in a year-on-year comparison, prompting our revised view that Chinese alloy consumption will surprise to the upside in 2020. This is particularly true for alloys used in the rebar sector, with stimulus spending by the Chinese government being concentrated on investment in infrastructure.

  • Reducing energy consumption by alternative

    Figure 12: Comparative energy consumption for various chrome conversion processes. The “proof of the pudding” of course is that the process actually works, and many sceptics have commented that it is thermodynamically impossible to produce metallic chrome by

  • Ferrochrome an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Ferroalloys production is firmly coupled with steel production, and the time-dependent production rates follow each other. The total world steel production is presented in Figure 2.5 a and the total ferroalloys production in Figure 2.5 b, except for ferrochrome even ferromanganese, silicomanganese, and ferrosilicon. In 2008–2010 about 5.7 Mt

  • Chrome Ores on Ferrochrome Smelting

    2017-2-4 · Fig. 6 Consumption of ore, quartzite, energy and production of slag when producing one ton of high carbon ferrochrome, compared with Tweefontein chrome lump ore . D. Electric Energy Consumption The electric energy consumption ranges from 3.31 to 3.63 MWh per ton metal produced (MWh/t), when using the selected 6 different chrome lumpy ores.

  • Chromium mine production worldwide 2019 Statista

    In 2019, the global mine production of the transition metal chromium amounted to a gross weight of 44 million metric tons, an increase from the 2010 production volume of 23.7 million metric tons.

  • Ferrochrome Smelting In Zimbabwe SAIMM

    2011-9-13 · Typical electrical energy consumption efficiencies for such processes varies between 2.0 and 2.5 Between 1994 and 1999, chrome ore production stagnated while from the year 2000 onwards, market volumes increased from about 15 million tonnes to 24 million tonnes in 2008. This substantial increase can be primarily linked to the-then

  • Ferro Chrome FerroAlloyNet

    China Ferro Chrome Market Analysis » More: International Ferro Chrome Market Analysis » More: Jul 24 July North China low-carbon and micro-carbon FeCr. Jul 23 Low-carbon and micro-carbon Ferrochrome prices dr. Jul 23 Ferro-chrome market morning review on 23 July, 20. Jul 22 July South China's low-carbon and micro-carbon Fe. Jul 21 July other areas high-carbon FeCr production capa...